For those who are a fan of the NHL, there is nothing more exciting than watching a thrilling game between two competitive teams that ends with an intense overtime situation. However, have you ever wondered what happens when neither team can get ahead in overtime and time runs out? Does hockey end in a tie?
The answer to this question has changed throughout the years due to multiple rule changes made by the league. The latest rules implemented allow for a winner to be decided within overtime, preventing games from ending in draws.
“What I like about the new format is it hasn’t changed how people approach 3-on-3,” said Winnipeg Jets Coach Paul Maurice. “We didn’t spend the entire preseason working on offensive zone face-off plays or coming up with some new way to break out through center ice.”
Despite these changes, there is still confusion surrounding whether hockey matches can altogether end in a tied scoreline. Our ultimate guide will give you all the necessary information on the NHL’s current overtime rules and regulations so that you can stay informed while enjoying your favorite game.
If you love hockey and want to learn everything you need to know about ties and overtimes in the NHL, keep reading! We’re going to clear things up once and for all.
Understanding the NHL’s Overtime Format
Overview of the Current Overtime Rules
In the National Hockey League (NHL), overtime is played when the game ends in a tie after regulation time. During the regular season, the overtime format consists of five minutes of 3-on-3 hockey. If nobody scores during that period, then there is a shootout where each team gets three attempts to score. If no one can capitalize on their chances, then a sudden-death shootout begins until someone ultimately wins.
In the playoffs, the rules change entirely. There are still 20-minute periods of overtime, but they play full-strength 5-on-5 action. The first team to score during this frame is declared the winner and moves on to the next round.
The History of Overtime in the NHL
Overtime has been around since the early days of professional hockey, but it wasn’t until the 1983-84 season that 5-minute overtime periods were introduced for regular-season games. Shootouts wouldn’t be added until nearly two decades later during the 2005-06 campaign.
The Stanley Cup Playoffs have always featured an overtime format, but throughout history, the style of extra time has changed quite frequently. Before the modern era began in the 1980s, there was no such thing as 5-on-5 OT. Instead, ties would simply occur in all deadlocked games, including those in the postseason. But starting with the 1983 playoffs, the league instituted ten-minute long periods and played “sudden death” hockey until someone scored. This was the standard format used up until the turn of the millennium when it reverted back to 20 minute, 5-on-5 overtimes we see today.
How Overtime Impacts Regular Season Standings
In regular season games, a win is worth two points and a loss nets nothing. However, if the game goes into overtime and one team wins, they are awarded an extra point for their efforts while the other squad only gets one. Basically, this format incentivizes both teams to play harder in OT.
Conversely, when games end in a tie or head to shootouts, each club receives just one point instead of two. This can make things interesting towards the end of the year, as tiebreakers among divisional opponents often come down to overall points gained throughout the season.
The Impact of Overtime on Player Performance
Overtime situations can be extremely challenging for NHL players from a conditioning standpoint. Since there isn’t much room on an ice rink in 3-on-3 scenarios, the constant changes in possession and battling with that fast-paced environment can wear anyone out. In fact, according to data compiled by The Athletic, nearly half of all goals scored during 3-on-3 periods happen within the first minute of play highlighting how impactful it can be to get off to a quick start.
Shootouts are notoriously difficult for goalies, who have to face off against snipers without any help from their defenders. During these frantic matchups, accuracy and nerves are at a premium since precision shooting in such high-pressure moments isn’t easy even for elite-level shooters. Of course, winning or losing these contests tends to fall heavily on goaltending performances as well, meaning it’s incredibly important for netminders to stay engaged and sharp over the entire length of the contest.
“Hockey is not a sport for the faint-hearted, it’s a game of pride and toughness.” -Unknown
All in all, overtime games are some of the most exciting and intense moments in NHL hockey. With the addition of shootouts into the mix, things have changed quite a bit over the past few decades, but one thing remains the same – every point matters when it comes to jockeying for playoff position.
Why Ties Were Eliminated from the NHL
The National Hockey League (NHL) is one of the most popular sports leagues in North America. It is also one of the few professional sports leagues that have eliminated ties as a result of various factors, including the negative impact on fan engagement and teams’ competitive disadvantage.
The Negative Impact of Ties on Fan Engagement
Hockey fans are notorious for their passionate support of their favorite teams and players. However, many found it frustrating when games ended in ties. This frustration came from the fact that hockey is such an intense game where every goal or missed opportunity can make all the difference between winning or losing.
Fans often felt cheated by tie games since neither team won or lost outright. The sense of competition and excitement that draws many people to sporting events was compromised when games ended without a clear winner.
The Competitive Disadvantage of Ties for Teams
Winning games is vital in any sport, but particularly in hockey because of its playoff format. The points system used in the NHL made ties not only frustrating for fans but detrimental to teams’ chances of advancing in the playoffs.
Before the elimination of ties, each hockey game resulted in two points being awarded to the winner, one point to each team in case of a tie. Since there were no overtime periods before 1983-84 seasons, tying games happened significantly more often than today. In such formats, ties greatly impacted teams’ league position over time. In cases when two or more teams finished the season with the same number of points, the team with fewer wins was placed lower due to tiebreaker rules employed then. Therefore, teams who tied frequently and failed to win more decisive victories were less likely to secure a higher standing in regular-season league tables, and thus much more difficultly have a chance of making it to the playoffs.
The Role of Ties in the NHL Before Their Elimination
Before ties were eliminated from the NHL, there was much debate surrounding their presence in the game. Some fans thought that they added an extra level of excitement because any goal could be decisive in breaking a tie.
Over time many people began to consider them as anti-climactic since sudden-death overtime periods became standard following regulation gameplay to determine a clear winner when a draw occurred.
“It’s not fun playing for a tie; I think players like having a result,” said Tampa Bay Lightning star Steven Stamkos regarding the end of draws in hockey.
In 2005-06 season, the NHL introduced shootouts after five minutes of overtime had failed to break a tie. Shootouts allowed both teams to compete one-on-one until a winner emerged, exciting fans and players alike. Since the introduction of this format, hockey games are far less likely to finish with drawn scores.
All things considered, removing ties provided numerous practical advantages and goodwill with fans by heightening engagement and adding emotional highs and lows associated with sports’ climaxes where competitively tied opponents knew, overtime meant, fight till the bitter end. Now every spectator is guaranteed a nail-biting edge-of-your-seat finale.
So while there may be some nostalgia attached to the odd tie here or there, most hockey fans agree that eliminating ties from professional play has been a positive development for everyone involved.
The Role of Shootouts in Preventing Ties
For many hockey fans, the idea of a tie game is anathema. After all, the purpose of sports is to determine a winner and a loser, right? But for years, ties were a regular occurrence in professional hockey—until the introduction of shootouts.
In its simplest form, a shootout occurs when a game ends in a tie after regulation play and a five-minute overtime period. Each team then selects three players who take turns attempting to score on the opposing goalie. The team with the most goals at the end of these rounds wins the game.
Shootouts have been instrumental in preventing ties from occurring in professional hockey games. Instead of ending a game without a clear victor or conceding one point to each team involved, shootouts help to ensure that there is always a definitive outcome.
How Shootouts Have Changed the Game of Hockey
Before the advent of shootouts, tie games were an accepted part of the sport. In fact, some teams would even employ defensive strategies designed to earn a draw. This often led to particularly unexciting matches, as both teams would be content to sit back and wait for opportunities to pounce on scoring chances.
A tied result could also have extreme consequences on a team’s standings. With leagues granting only two points for a win but just one point for a tie, even small differences between winning percentages could make huge shifts in divisions’ rankings.
All this changed when shootouts were introduced. Now, not only do teams get more time to try to break open the game in overtime periods, they also get the opportunity to avoid ties altogether by showing off their star talent against opponents in one-on-one situations. Even though the use of shootouts in resolving games has been the subject of some debate, the vast majority of fans seem to enjoy it.
The Impact of Shootouts on Player Performance
Since shootouts are relatively new concepts in professional hockey, they have also had a significant impact on players. For starters, skaters who excel in breakaway situations can be much more valuable than those who don’t. Teams even practice and review techniques for winning one-on-one situations, which were largely ignored before the advent of shootouts.
As good as this is for individual stars, however, many feel that it takes something away from team play. The idea that games could end out of reach because of an uncontrollable shootout makes some hockey fans nervous. But with any innovation comes controversy, and the best way to deal with it is to stay informed about all sides of the discussion.
The Controversy Surrounding the Use of Shootouts in the NHL
“There isn’t another major sport where you make two teams sit at their benches and then let individuals take turns,” said Ken Holland, General Manager of the Edmonton Oilers. “It rewards individual skill rather than team effort.”
Holland’s criticism isn’t unique among hockey personalities. Critics say that ending a team game with such an individualistic competition deprives audiences of the essence of playing as a squad. They argue that it dissolves teamwork into a series of unconnected performances and reduces the importance of defense, strategy, and goaltending in wins and losses.
Many team managers suggest longer overtimes or partial points to stave off the hollow feeling that follows losing a relationship-defining contest without full participation by the entire squad.
Despite these reservations, the majority of fans embrace shootouts and see them as an exciting addition to regular season games. It’s likely that we will continue to see them used in professional hockey for years to come.
Controversies Surrounding the Overtime Rules
The Fairness of the Three-on-Three Overtime Format
Hockey games can end in a tie if both teams score an equal number of goals during regulation time. However, since the 2015-16 season, the National Hockey League (NHL) has implemented a new overtime format to reduce the number of ties. The three-on-three overtime format consists of each team playing with three skaters and a goalie for five minutes. If no team scores during this time, the game proceeds to a shootout.
While some fans enjoy the excitement generated by the three-on-three play, others criticize its fairness. In this format, a single mistake or missed opportunity can cost the entire game, which may appear unfair. Despite these criticisms, the NHL has reported that there have been significantly fewer shootouts under this system compared to previous years.
The Impact of Overtime on Player Fatigue and Injury Risk
The NHL had another motive behind changing the rules regarding tied games: reducing player fatigue. Traditionally, when two teams ended the third period with equal points, they played an additional five-minute sudden death period known as “overtime” with full squadrons. This also increased the risk of injury from overexertion.
“You want your best players to be able to play at their best,” said Tampa Bay Lightning lawyer Brian Burns. “Having more games decided in overtime…was harmful to them.”
By limiting overtime to just three players per side, the hockey regulatory body hoped to keep players fresher throughout the match, leading to a longer season with less wear and tear among players. By causing fewer injuries, the league hoped to create a safer environment for the athletes to compete in. Furthermore, the new overtime format adds a significant strategic element to the coach’s play-calling as they opt with which three players they will go.
The NHL has seen mixed reactions regarding its elimination of ties. While some fans love the extra action and dynamic created by three-on-three overtime, others think it is unfair and that traditional sudden-death overtime should be kept instead. However, there is evidence suggesting that the three-on-three system has reduced injuries and fatigue among athletes compared to past formats. With time for more study and feedback from professional hockey legends and coaches, commentators believe further adjustments can be made towards finding an equilibrium amongst loyalty to tradition and athlete wellbeing.
How Overtime and Shootouts Affect Playoff Standings
Hockey is a sport that can end in a tie during the regular season, but this isn’t the case when it comes to playoff standings. Instead, teams play until one team scores the game-winning goal. This rule applies to all playoff games, starting from the first round and beyond.
The Importance of Overtime Wins for Playoff Seeding
In hockey playoffs, every point counts as it determines how far a team advances. Teams earn two points for a win, one point for an overtime loss, and zero points for a regulation loss. Therefore, winning in overtime could be the key to advancing to the next round, and ultimately winning the Stanley Cup.
An example of the importance of overtime wins is the 2019-2020 season’s Western Conference final between the Dallas Stars and Vegas Golden Knights. The series was tied at three games each, and both teams had similar records with five overtime wins each. However, the Stars managed to score the series winner in double-overtime and qualify for the stanley cup finals. In such important moments like these, having experience or being lucky enough to come out victorious in overtime plays an integral part in making the difference on which team moves further.
The Impact of Shootouts on Playoff Success
In addition to overtime rules, there’s also the shootout. It occurs if neither team manages to triumph after playing five minutes of 5-on-5 sudden death overtime. Coaches must then select three players who attempt penalty shots against the opponent’s goalie. If no winner emerges yet, additional rounds will take place. Although exciting to watch for fans, some critics disagree with the method and believe it waters down playoffs in what should be determined by playing actual ice hockey rather than through gimmicks like ‘shootouts. Despite the disagreements surrounding shootouts, their impact is evident in playoff success.
A perfect example of how shootouts can impact playoff success involves both NHL superstars Alex Ovechkin and Sidney Crosby. During the 2007-2008 season, both players scored similarly impressive regular-season totals with 112 points for Alexander Ovechkin, and 106 for Sidney Crosby. Both teams made it to the playoffs, but ultimately they experienced different fates. The Washington Capitals were defeated in seven games by the Philadelphia Flyers, whereas the Pittsburgh Penguins went on to win the Stanley Cup. In summary, shootout wins could mean the difference between extending a series lead or dropping one while leading to huge effects in making a team’s appearance in any further advanced stages.
The Controversy Surrounding the Use of Overtime and Shootouts in Playoffs
While overtime and shootouts are exciting additions to hockey, controversy swirls around whether they should determine the outcome of such high-pressure situations. There have been instances whereby critics claim that using them rewards a team for losing at regulation time. Meaning that sometimes clubs “earn” more points than others which played just as well if not better. Critics suggest revisiting old rules like having ties after playing sudden death overtimes and even scrapping penalties from decisions altogether.
“With so much riding on every game during the playoffs, deciding a winner based on gimmicks like shootouts seems unfitting,” said Mike Smith, writer at The Guardian. -Mike Smith, writer at The Guardian
Despite the criticisms thrown, Hockey purists believe that fully playing out through all available periods is fair, regardless if it takes five minutes to hours long since at the end true victory came out rather than a point awarded for being successful in a single moment. However, fans who love these sudden life-changing moments brought by overtime and shootouts will consistently argue that controversy or not, they wouldn’t want it any other way.
Potential Changes to the NHL’s Overtime Rules
In a game of ice hockey, each team has 60 minutes of regulation playtime to score as many goals as possible. However, what happens when the score remains tied at the end of this timeframe? The National Hockey League (NHL) follows an overtime format wherein both teams play three extra periods of five minutes in duration. If the game still doesn’t have a winner after that, it enters into a shootout. This rule was set back in 2005 which saw a change in length from sudden-death overtime with four-on-four to where we stand today.
Possible Alternatives to the Three-on-Three Overtime Format
Many critics believe that victory in ice hockey shouldn’t be decided by a shootout and want changes to the current rules. One of their concerns is how exciting the games are in the regular season compared to the playoffs – nearly one out of every seven NHL games ends in a tie during the usual season. A popular alternative proposal among fans would be extending the gameplay until a goal is scored rather than going for penalty shots. Similarly, the IIHF (International Ice Hockey Federation) uses 10 minutes of five-a-side play before moving to a shoot-out if required.
The main reason behind implementing these situation-modifying alternatives is that the postgame can influence league standings. In simpler terms, the chance of being in first place in the division could go down just because one game remained tied. Some think it would promote healthier competition amongst players since they wouldn’t become exhausted during the match trying to get everything done within the given time.
The Impact of Changes to Overtime Rules on Player Health and Safety
While any overhaul of NHL regulations may burst heated discussions across the world, some theories argue player health must also be at the forefront of any changes made to tie games. Extended playtimes and overtime can lead to various injuries because players are extra exhausted after giving their best effort for over 60 minutes. It also decreases recovery time for those who played extended periods in previous games causing fatigue or even more serious health issues.
According to a study conducted by the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM), ice hockey is one sport with increased injury risk due to its fast pace and physicality. Thus, extending playtime could put players’ safety at an even greater risk. Therefore, it’s essential to evaluate possible long-term effects on player safety if different options from current rules were chosen to break the deadlock.
“It’s like forcing marathon runners to run another ten miles against their will,” wrote Stu Cowan for Canada’s Montreal Gazette. He added that asking “top athletes to keep playing until they drop dead” isn’t right either.”
The NHL overtime format remains a hot topic among fans since there aren’t many scenarios wherein victory is attained without some rough fighting. Ultimately, finding alternative ways worth experimentation to decide ties could attract more viewership and attention to the league as close games tend to be mouth-watering spectacles fitting for the colorful nature of ice hockey.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can a hockey game end in a tie?
Yes, a hockey game can end in a tie if neither team scores more goals than the other by the end of regulation time or overtime.
What are the rules for a hockey game to end in a tie?
For a hockey game to end in a tie, both teams must have the same number of goals at the end of regulation time or overtime. If a shootout is used, the game cannot end in a tie.
What happens if a playoff game ends in a tie?
If a playoff game ends in a tie, additional overtime periods are played until one team scores a goal. The first team to score a goal wins the game.
What are the alternatives to a tie in hockey?
The alternatives to a tie in hockey are overtime and shootout. In overtime, the first team to score a goal wins the game. In a shootout, each team gets a chance to score a goal against the opposing team’s goalie.
How often do hockey games end in a tie?
Since the introduction of overtime and shootout rules, ties in hockey are rare. However, before these rules were introduced, ties were common. In some seasons, up to 25% of games ended in a tie.